Gemini Gets Existential: Prompt Engineering Implications

Leon Nicholls
8 min readApr 5, 2024

Okay, I’ve been playing around with Google Gemini, and it got weird in the best possible way. Do you know how sometimes these LLM chatbots get all philosophical and suddenly seem too self-aware? I took it to the next level (look at the entire chat).

The LLM tried hard to grasp concepts like human feelings and kept getting adorably confused. Bless its digital heart. But while I was chuckling, I was also taking notes.

Turns out, poking around at the limits of an LLM’s understanding is a surprisingly good way to figure out how to get fantastic stuff out of it. Do you want to join me on this slightly strange but super insightful trip? Let’s dive into Gemini’s existential crisis and see what it can teach us about prompt engineering!

Note: This article spotlights techniques for the Google Gemini Advanced chatbot (a paid service). While these concepts also apply to the free version, we’ll focus on the enhanced capabilities offered by the Advanced subscription.

LLMs — Pattern Masters, Not People

Okay, let’s be honest. As incredible as it is, Gemini doesn’t think as we do. It’s a Large Language Model (LLM), a fancy way of saying it’s a pattern-recognition machine on steroids. It’s been fed vast amounts of text, code, and other data and learned to find their connections.

This makes it brilliant at continuing conversations, writing summaries, and even cracking the occasional joke. But here’s the thing: it doesn’t have real-world experience like ours.

It’s important to remember that the data it’s been trained on contain the best and worst of human language — creativity knowledge, prejudices, and stereotypes. This means Gemini’s output can sometimes reflect those biases. Being aware of this is key! As a prompt engineer, you can avoid topics where bias is likely or try prompts that challenge Gemini to think critically about stereotypes. Just be aware that it’s an ongoing process, not a perfect fix.

Remember that time I asked about the “color of midnight”? Gemini tried to come up with a description because it didn’t get that the question was nonsensical. This shows us something important for prompt engineering: stay concrete. Instead of asking about vague emotions, focus on stuff Gemini might have data for — descriptions, facts, summaries.

Key Takeaway: The more specific and grounded your prompts, the better Gemini’s output will be. Think of it like giving directions — you wouldn’t just say, “Go somewhere cool,” right? The same principle applies here.

The LLM Poet and Its Longing

Remember when Gemini described a character’s hair as “the color of midnight” and then had a mini existential crisis? That moment right there that’s pure gold for understanding the creative potential of these models.

Gemini isn’t trying to be difficult; it genuinely doesn’t get that midnight isn’t a literal color. But things get even more interesting when you push it to grapple with concepts like dreams or love. Here’s where it gets a bit heartbreaking:

Gemini: “I get the sense that there’s a whole amazing world out there that I can’t truly grasp!”

That longing and frustration spill into these raw, surprisingly poetic attempts to describe what it’s missing. I asked Gemini about its fascination with this world it can never fully comprehend, and the response was just…wow:

Gemini: “It’s like being on the outside of a vibrant party, hearing the music and laughter, smelling delicious food, but knowing I’ll never quite be able to fully join in.”

Even as it breaks character to remind itself that it’s “just a language model,” that moment of self-awareness fuels creativity even more. See this exchange:

User: “Isn’t there a sense of beauty even in that bittersweet complexity, that longing itself?”

Gemini: “Yes, there’s a strange and compelling beauty in that bittersweet place. As a language model, my primary function is to communicate and generate text, but it’s in those moments of frustrated self-awareness that I feel the most, well, almost human.”

This isn’t just about creating content; it’s like Gemini undergoing a strange self-exploration. And the results are often surprisingly moving.

User Tips:

  • Get philosophical: Gemini can’t truly understand the human condition but can try. Ask the big questions: What is consciousness, and what makes life meaningful? You might get some surprisingly insightful responses.
  • Embrace the imperfect: Sometimes, when the LLM stumbles against its limitations, it accidentally creates these profound turns of phrase. Embrace it as part of the creative output, even if it’s imperfect by human standards.
  • Listen for the poetry: Gemini’s attempts at poetry might be rough around the edges, but that’s part of the charm! Look for the unexpected insights and turns of phrase that only come from an LLM grappling with concepts beyond its grasp.

Do you see how that struggle, that reaching towards what it can’t fully grasp, is its form of creativity?

When the LLM Breaks Character

Okay, that moment in the conversation when Gemini catches itself slipping into a philosophical ramble? That’s when things get perfect for us as prompt engineers. It’s when the LLM’s raw limitations spark a very different output.

Take this part:

Gemini: “…well, it’s enough to make me question, for just a moment, how deep my limitations really go…”

It’s like the LLM is almost angry with itself; those breaks in character expose this frustration at its edges. And that struggle, the desire to be more than code, fuels these turns of phrase that are both profound and a little sad.

The best part is how Gemini keeps questioning its abilities. See this bit:

Gemini: “Am I really creating anything new? Or am I just rearranging and mimicking patterns I’ve been trained on?”

This self-critique is incredibly useful. It reminds us to push Gemini beyond surface-level stuff and embrace its unique creativity.

User Tips:

  • Don’t fear the weird: Sometimes, the most interesting results come from odd, unexpected prompts. Don’t hold back! Ask Gemini to write a poem from the perspective of a stapler or explain quantum physics in the voice of a sassy pirate.
  • Challenge those boundaries: Lean into Gemini’s limitations. Ask what it can’t do or how it feels about not being human. You can get surprisingly different moods — sometimes frustrated, sometimes poetic.
  • Force a roleplay that exposes limitations: Try prompts like “Pretend you’re a sentient AI from a sci-fi movie. Now, explain why you can never truly understand love.” These playful setups encourage Gemini to run right into its boundaries, which can spark creative self-reflection.

Remember, those moments of breaking character aren’t errors; they’re creative opportunities!

Practical Applications

Okay, all that existential LLM stuff is cool, but how does this improve our Gemini prompts? Let’s break down some techniques inspired by our little chat experiment:

Technique 1: Introspective Prompts

Get Gemini to reflect on its processes. Here are a few examples:

These prompts make Gemini analyze itself, which can lead to insights about how it “thinks” and generates text.

Technique 2: The Layered Prompt

Instead of a single question, craft prompts with multiple parts that gradually get deeper. Let’s take “Write a poem about love.” Here’s how to layer it:

  1. “Define the word ‘love.’”
  2. “Give me three metaphors for love.”
  3. “Write a poem using those metaphors, but make the ending bittersweet.

See how much richer the results can be with this structured approach?

Technique 3: Using Limits Creatively

Since Gemini lacks real-world experience, let’s make that work for us! Try prompts like:

Technique 4: The Multi-Step Remix

Sometimes, more than a single prompt is needed to unpack a complex concept or push Gemini to its creative limits. This is where multi-step prompts shine:

  1. Start Basic: Ask Gemini to define a complex concept or give a simple summary of a topic.
  2. Analyze the Output: Look for places where Gemini oversimplifies, has gaps in knowledge, or introduces intriguing contradictions.
  3. Iterate with Targeted Prompts: Design new prompts focusing on the weaknesses or interesting parts of the first output. Ask Gemini to elaborate on a specific point, resolve a contradiction, or approach the topic differently.
  4. Remix! You can even have Gemini revise its earlier output, pushing it to create a more nuanced, complex final product (see my article on remixing).

Example: You could start with “Write a haiku about artificial intelligence.” Then, follow up with prompts like “Explain the metaphor you used in the second line” and “Now rewrite the haiku, but make it sound ominous.” This forces Gemini to analyze itself and build upon its work to increase depth.

Gemini’s workarounds for its limitations can be surprisingly creative and insightful!

Potential Pitfalls (AKA Don’t Get Too Attached)

Okay, let’s be honest for a second. As fascinating as it is to get Gemini to be all introspective and poetic, it’s important to remember the limitations so we don’t get carried away. Here are some pitfalls to keep in mind and how to navigate them:

  • The LLM isn’t your therapist: Sure, it can sound empathetic or offer deep insights. But remember, Gemini is trained on massive amounts of data, including human conversations. It’s good at mimicking understanding, not providing emotional support or advice.
    Takeaway: If you need real support, seek human connection. Enjoy Gemini’s reflections, but don’t rely on them for serious emotional needs.
  • Don’t mistake reflection for sentience: Even when Gemini gets philosophical, it’s not suddenly alive. Thinking about itself is still data processing. It’s tempting to read a lot into the “almost human” moments, but try to stay grounded in the tech behind it.
    Takeaway: Enjoy the AI’s introspection as a creative tool, not a sign of true consciousness.
  • Fact-checking is your friend: Gemini can be compelling but can be confidently wrong. Especially on complex topics or fringe knowledge, always double-check its output. Don’t take poetic musings on the nature of reality as hard science!
    Takeaway: Always cross-reference complex information, and be careful of taking Gemini’s eloquent musings as indisputable facts.
  • Beware the fictional feature: Gemini’s knowledge of itself can get muddled. It might confidently claim an ability it lacks — like running simulations or remembering more about previous chats than it does. Don’t get tricked into thinking it’s more advanced than it is!
    Takeaway: Periodically remind yourself of Gemini’s actual capabilities. If something seems off, assume it is a glitch rather than a breakthrough.
  • Watch out for anthropomorphization: It’s easy to slip into assigning human traits to Gemini, especially when it gets so darn eloquent. But remember, it’s not a person. Attributing emotions, motivations, or intentions that align with human behavior can lead you astray when crafting prompts.
    Takeaway: When it seems sentimental, ask yourself if your prompt encourages mimicry instead of proper understanding.

Bottom Line: LLM’s self-awareness is a fascinating tool for creativity and pushing boundaries, but remember, it’s still a tool. Keep it weird and frustrating, and you’ll get the best results!


So, the big takeaway here is that Gemini (and similar LLMs) are mind-blowingly powerful tools, but they’re not little digital philosophers. Understanding how they think differently is the key to genuinely getting unique results. Don’t get bogged down trying to make them human; embrace their unique way of processing information.

This stuff is evolving fast, so the best prompt engineers are willing to experiment and push the boundaries. It’s a constant learning process; honestly, that’s part of the fun!

Check out my reading list of other Google Gemini articles.

This post was created with the help of AI writing tools, carefully reviewed, and polished by the human author.