The Art of Summarization with Google Gemini

Leon Nicholls
8 min readMar 26, 2024

How much time do you waste wading through stuff you probably don’t need to read in full? What if you could turn that wasted time into action? Google Gemini is your key to unlocking the most valuable information from articles, reports, and meetings! Think more focused work, better decisions, and much less stress.

Note: This article spotlights techniques for the Google Gemini Advanced chatbot (a paid service). While these concepts also apply to the free version, we’ll focus on the enhanced capabilities offered by the Advanced subscription.

Gemini’s Summarization Superpowers

Think of Gemini as your personal content transformer. It can take many different things and repackage them to give you the heart of the matter faster. Here’s what’s on the menu:

  • The Know-It-All: News articles, blog posts, research papers—you name it! Gemini can tackle dense blocks of text and extract the main findings, key arguments, or major takeaways.
  • The Social Butterfly: Beyond plain text, Gemini can also grasp what’s buzzing online. Throw a bunch of tweets, reviews, or forum posts at it, and it’ll distill what people say, the trends in opinions, and the overall sentiment.
  • The Meeting Master: Do you have a messy pile of meeting notes? Gemini can turn them into action points. It’ll identify who’s responsible for what, important deadlines, and actual decisions.
  • The Bookworm’s Best Friend: Even long books or hefty reports are no match for Gemini. It can summarize chapters, sections, or even the entire thing, giving you the core themes without the epic reading time investment.

Why This Matters: Real-World Wins

Okay, that’s cool, but what does it do for you? Imagine these scenarios:

  • Research Made Easy: Slogging through complex studies is a drag. Gemini gives you the key findings without the jargon, so you can focus on what those findings mean for your work.
  • The True Online Pulse: Want to know what people think about a product or issue? Gemini cuts through the noise to give you the unfiltered picture.
  • Meetings That Matter: Turn rambling notes into a focused plan! Stop wasting time figuring out what happened and do what was decided.

This is just a taste of what’s possible. The more you play with Gemini, the more uses you’ll find!

Prompting for Success — Talking to Gemini

You wouldn’t try to converse with someone who doesn’t speak your language, right? The same goes for Gemini! The way you ask it for things — your prompts — will make all the difference in the results you get back.

The Basics of a Good Prompt

  • Clarity is King: Don’t be vague! Instead of just saying, “Summarize this,” be specific with clear instructions like, “Summarize this article for me in less than 40 words.”
  • Give the ‘Why’, Not Just the ‘What’: The more context you give Gemini, the better. Include background info and links, or explain why you need the summary. This helps it tune into what you care most about.
  • Don’t Be Afraid to Ask: Want a bulleted list? A formal tone? Need it to focus on a specific part of the text? Ask for it! Gemini’s way is more flexible than you might think.

Even More Examples!

Let’s explore a few more scenarios to see how prompting makes a difference:

  • Customer Support Transcript Analysis:
    Prompt: “Summarize the conversation between a service rep and a customer in a few sentences.”
    — Result: A concise breakdown of the customer’s problem, the steps taken toward resolution, and whether the issue was resolved successfully.
  • Creative Brainstorming:
    Prompt: “Write a creative title for [insert text or article link]”
    — Result: Gemini offers a list of catchy, attention-grabbing title options tailored to your content.
  • Summarizing for Social Sharing:
    Prompt: “Act as a social media expert. Write a tweet for this blog post.”
    — Result: Gemini crafts a brief, compelling summary that hits the main points and is optimized for online sharing.
  • YouTube Video Note-taking:
    Prompt: “Summarize this YouTube video, and include timestamps for key points.
    — Result: A bullet-point summary with timestamps for jumping directly to important highlights or concepts within the video (Note: YouTube summaries only work with videos with transcripts).

Important Note: Don’t fret if things aren’t perfect on the first try! The best prompting is a skill you develop over time.

And Now, Your Extras!

  • Hashtags: “Generate hashtags for this article.”
  • Blog Post Description: “Write a description for the blog post (max 140 chars).”

Let me know if you’d like more advanced technique examples next or if you’d like help with any of those creative tasks Gemini can tackle!

Leveling Up: Advanced Techniques & Tools

Ready to unleash Gemini’s full potential? Here are a few tricks and tools to take your summaries to the next level:

  • Taming the Text Beast: Long Documents Made Easy Got a massive report or a textbook chapter that makes your eyes glaze over? Here’s the secret: summarize in chunks! Here’s how it works:
    — Ask Gemini to summarize specific sections or pages.
    — Then, take those summaries and ask Gemini to give you a summary of the summaries. Boom — the ultimate overview!
  • Focus Your Summaries with Keywords: Instead of just asking for a general summary, give Gemini keywords or phrases to focus on. This is great for extracting specific insights from complex research or quickly overviewing a competitor’s strategy.
    — Example Prompt: “Summarize this article, focusing on sections that mention [keyword 1], [keyword 2], and [keyword 3].”
    — Example Use Case: Imagine you’re analyzing a research paper on consumer behavior. You could use keywords like “purchase decisions,” “brand loyalty,” and “social influence” to zero in on the most relevant findings directly related to your work.
  • Tools to Simplify: Let’s be honest; sometimes, crafting the perfect prompt takes trial and error. Luckily, there are tools to streamline this! Here are a few types of tools to explore:
    — Prompt Chaining Tools: These help you build complex prompts step-by-step, perfect for breaking down long documents or combining summarization with other AI requests (read my article on prompt chaining).
    — Prompt Libraries: See what others have successfully used! Many communities share their favorite prompts, giving you a springboard for your experiments.

Using Summaries to Power Up

Okay, now we’re talkin’! Summaries are fantastic, but what if they could do more than save you time? Here’s where things get exciting.

Gemini isn’t going to solve your problems magically, but it can turn the world’s best advice into digestible advice that makes taking action much less intimidating!

Troubleshooting: When Summaries Go Wrong

Let’s be honest — even the best AI has its quirks. Don’t get discouraged if your summaries aren’t perfect on the first try! Here are common issues and how to tackle them:

  • The “Too Much Info” Summary: Is Gemini giving you back the whole article with just a few words shaved off? It probably needs more guidance. Try these fixes:
    — Get Specific: Add keywords to your prompt to help Gemini focus on the most relevant parts.
    — State Your Goal: Does Gemini know why you need this summary? Try starting your prompt with phrases like “Summarize this article for a tweet” or “Summarize this report for my boss.”
  • Missing the Main Point: Did your summary catch the details but miss the big picture? Here’s how to retrain Gemini:
    — Check Your Context: Did you give Gemini enough background info or links to understand the topic fully? This makes a big difference!
    — Adjust Your Keywords: Maybe the terms you used in your prompt were too narrow. Try broadening them, but keep them relevant.
  • Weirdly Worded or ‘Robot-Speak’ Summaries: Sometimes Gemini’s output can feel a little… unnatural. Here’s what helps:
    — Specify the Tone: Do you want it formal, casual, or funny? Add phrases like “Write this in a friendly tone” to your prompts.
    — Give It Examples: Share a few well-written summaries similar to your desired style, and ask Gemini to aim for a similar vibe.

Important Reminder: Troubleshooting is how you learn to master AI. Think of it as a fun challenge, not a setback!

The Ethics of AI Summaries

Okay, let’s get real for a minute. AI summaries are incredible, but we’ve got to use them the right way. Here’s why it matters:

  • Please stick to the Facts: Gemini’s job is to summarize the original content, not to give its own opinions or try to read between the lines. Keep your prompts focused on objective summaries to avoid getting things mixed up. Stick to phrases like “Summarize the main points of…” or “Summarize the different perspectives in....”
  • Watch Out for Bias: Even the smartest AI can detect hidden biases in the data it learns from. Always give your summaries a quick scan to ensure they’re balanced. Do they fairly represent different viewpoints? Is there anything that feels unfairly slanted or misleading?
  • Respecting the Original Work: It’s tempting to take an excellent summary and slap your name on it, but that’s a big no-no! Here’s the deal:
    — Give Credit: Always mention the source, whether it’s an article (“According to this article…”) or a meeting participant (“In the meeting, Sarah highlighted…”).
    — Copyright Matters: Summarizing is fine, but copying giant chunks of text without permission is a copyright violation!
  • Quality Sources, Quality Summaries: Is the stuff you’re feeding into Gemini reliable in the first place? The better your input, the better your output — even with the fanciest AI.
  • Your Brain is Still the Boss: Gemini is a powerful tool that shouldn’t replace your thinking. Always review those summaries! This helps you verify everything’s accuracy, catch any misunderstandings the AI might have had, and avoid ethical pitfalls.

Remember: With great power…

…comes great responsibility! Gemini can make you way more informed, but never stop questioning, thinking for yourself, and using your summaries ethically.


The gist of it (pun intended!) is this: summarization with AI can be a total game-changer. It’s all about saving you time, making smarter decisions, and staying on top of what matters in your world. Don’t be afraid to experiment, try new prompts, and make Gemini work for you.

Check out my reading list of other Google Gemini articles.

This post was created with the help of AI writing tools, carefully reviewed, and polished by the human author.